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Euphemia Jean Maincke (1875–1940)

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Euphemia Jean Maincke (1875-1940) labor women's activist

Birth: 23 November 1875, St George, Queensland. Daughter of Richard Alexander McDougall, horse and cattle dealer, and Elizabeth nee Close. Married: Alfred Francis Maincke, 1893, Sydney. They had one son, who served in World War II, and three daughters. Death: 11 September, 1940, Rose Bay, Sydney.

  • Shop assistant, Sydney.
  • Active in Hotel, Clubs, Caterers and Waitresses Union.
  • Member, Labor Women’s Central Organising Committee, 1905, and secretary, 1908;
  • advocate of equal pay. Vice-president, Darlinghurst Political Labor League; delegate to PLL Conference, 1905;
  • Labor Senate candidate for NSW, 1908.
  • Vice-president, Labor Women’s Grand Council of NSW, 1916.
  • Member ALP Executive during anti-conscription campaign.
  • During 1917 strike was president of trades-hall-based committee for the relief of women and children; also elected treasurer of Lord Mayor’s Fund for strikers’ wives and children; subsequently conducted relief depot to assist ‘victims of the Fuller Government’s vendetta on the Rocks area’.
  • Candidate for Labor preselection for Sydney, 1924.

Worker (Sydney), 8 April 1905, p 4 & 26 Nov. 1908; Labor News, 7 Nov. 1921;

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Citation details

'Maincke, Euphemia Jean (1875–1940)', People Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 20 May 2024.

© Copyright People Australia, 2012

Life Summary [details]

Alternative Names
  • Meincke, Euphemia Jean
  • McDougall, Euphemia Jean

23 November, 1875
St George, Queensland, Australia


11 September, 1940 (aged 64)
Rose Bay, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Cause of Death


Religious Influence

Includes the religion in which subjects were raised, have chosen themselves, attendance at religious schools and/or religious funeral rites; Atheism and Agnosticism have been included.

Key Events
Key Organisations
Political Activism