People Australia

  • searches all National Centre of Biography websites
  • searches all National Centre of Biography websites
  • searches all National Centre of Biography websites

Browse Lists:

Cultural Advice

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this website contains names, images, and voices of deceased persons.

In addition, some articles contain terms or views that were acceptable within mainstream Australian culture in the period in which they were written, but may no longer be considered appropriate.

These articles do not necessarily reflect the views of The Australian National University.

Older articles are being reviewed with a view to bringing them into line with contemporary values but the original text will remain available for historical context.

Charles McKenzie (Charlie) Kilpatrick (1871–1935)

This article was published:

Charlie Kilpatrick, 1925

Charlie Kilpatrick, 1925

Charles McKenzie (Charlie) Kilpatrick (1871-1935) miner, trade union official and parliamentarian

Birth: 1 November 1871 at Pollokshaws, Renfrewshire [now part of Glasgow], Scotland, son of John Hutchison Kilpatrick (1836-1907), coal miner, and Annie, née McKenzie (1847-1913). Marriage: Larkhall, Lanark, Scotland, to Marion Rodger. They had five daughters and four sons. Grandfather of Digger Murphy. Death: 28 May 1935 at Ipswich, Queensland. Religion: Presbyterian. 

  • Worked as a miner on the Lanark coalfield.
  • Migrated to Queensland in 1912. Worked as a coalminer at Ipswich. First full-time president of the Queensland Colliery Employees' Union from 1915, retaining position until his death. Also served as Queensland District mines check inspector from 1915.
  • Member State Coal Board & Conciliation Board. Prominent member of the Australian Labor Party. Member of the ALP Queensland central executive.
  • Appointed member of the Legislative Council of Queensland on February 1920. Member of the M. Mulligan Disaster Commission in 1921. That year voted in favour of Legislative Council's abolition and his parliamentary service ceased in March 1922.
  • Queensland delegate to first national convention of Miners' Federation, Sydney, in 1925. During his final years in union office, challenged views of federation's Communist leaders William Orr and Charles Nelson from a Labor-reformist position.

D. B. Waterson, Biographical register of the Queensland Parliament 1860-1929 (2nd revised edition, Sydney, 2001).; Edgar Ross, A history of the Miners' Federation of Australia ([Sydney] 1970); Pete Thomas, The coalminers of Queensland: a narrative history of the Queensland Colliery Employees Union. Volume 1 Creating the traditions (Ipswich,1986); information from E. Ross, 1990.

Additional Resources

Related Entries in NCB Sites

Citation details

'Kilpatrick, Charles McKenzie (Charlie) (1871–1935)', People Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 28 May 2024.

© Copyright People Australia, 2012

Charlie Kilpatrick, 1925

Charlie Kilpatrick, 1925

Life Summary [details]


1 November, 1871
Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland


28 May, 1935 (aged 63)
Ipswich, Queensland, Australia

Cultural Heritage

Includes subject's nationality; their parents' nationality; the countries in which they spent a significant part of their childhood, and their self-identity.

Religious Influence

Includes the religion in which subjects were raised, have chosen themselves, attendance at religious schools and/or religious funeral rites; Atheism and Agnosticism have been included.

Key Organisations
Political Activism