People Australia

  • searches all National Centre of Biography websites
  • searches all National Centre of Biography websites
  • searches all National Centre of Biography websites

Browse Lists:

Cultural Advice

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this website contains names, images, and voices of deceased persons.

In addition, some articles contain terms or views that were acceptable within mainstream Australian culture in the period in which they were written, but may no longer be considered appropriate.

These articles do not necessarily reflect the views of The Australian National University.

Older articles are being reviewed with a view to bringing them into line with contemporary values but the original text will remain available for historical context.

Hunter, John Francis (c. 1840–1889)

This article was published:

John Francis Hunter (c.1840-1889) miner and trade union leader 

Birth: c.1840, Douglas, Isle of Man, son of James Hunter, commercial traveller, later farmer, and Margaret, née Kenefick (or Heckette). Marriage: (1) 13 August 1867 at Reefs, Pleasant Creek (Stawell), Victoria, to Adelaide-born Ellen Wade, aged 17 (d. 28 November 1886) (2) 1 August 1887 at St Patrick’s Catholic Church, Stawell, Victoria, to Mary Anne Agnes Rea (1866-1931), butcher’s daughter. Death: 27 November 1889 at Stawell, Victoria.

  • Emigrated to Melbourne 1856. Stockman in Gippsland then prospector.
  • Became a miner in Stawell. President, Stawell Miners’ Association (SMA) 1872-1881 and a leading figure in the miners’ strike February to March 1873, resulting in mine owners recognising the eight hours system. Later was secretary of the SMA.
  • President of Amalgamated Miners’ Association of Australasia for two terms from 1885.
  • Member of Ararat Mining Board 1873. Member of Stawell Borough Council 1876-1889. Mayor of Stawell in 1880-1881.
  • AMA representative at Trade Union Congress, Melbourne, 1884.
  • Retired as miner after accident 1875.
  • Bought Bull & Mouth Hotel, Stawell.
  • Member Morning Star Lodge of Stawell, United Grand Lodge of England.
  • Cause of death “cirrhosis of lungs” suffered for some years.
  • After her husband’s death Mrs Hunter conducted the hotel for many years.

Sources
H. J. Gibbney & A. G. Smith, A Biographical Register 1788-1939, vol 1 (Canberra, 1987).

Additional Resources

Citation details

'Hunter, John Francis (c. 1840–1889)', People Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, https://peopleaustralia.anu.edu.au/biography/hunter-john-francis-32559/text40414, accessed 5 December 2022.

© Copyright People Australia, 2012