People Australia

  • searches all National Centre of Biography websites
  • searches all National Centre of Biography websites
  • searches all National Centre of Biography websites

Browse Lists:

Cultural Advice

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this website contains names, images, and voices of deceased persons.

In addition, some articles contain terms or views that were acceptable within mainstream Australian culture in the period in which they were written, but may no longer be considered appropriate.

These articles do not necessarily reflect the views of The Australian National University.

Older articles are being reviewed with a view to bringing them into line with contemporary values but the original text will remain available for historical context.

Hanlon, Henry (1853–1926)

by Chris Cunneen

Henry Hanlon (1853-1926) coal miner, gaoled trade unionist

Birth: 1853 at Usworth, Durham, England, son of Irish-born James Hanlon, and Ann, née Murphy, a dressmaker. Marriage: (1) 1872 at Newcastle, New South Wales, to Mary Ann Jones (1856-1900). They had three daughters and three sons. (2) 1904 at Newcastle to Auguste Helena Bertha, née Honow, late Mossner (1856-1915), a widow with eight surviving children who had been born in Brandenburg, Germany. Death: 11 July 1926 at Lambton, New South Wales. Religion: Catholic. 

  • After his father died in about 1860, Henry Hanlon arrived in Australia with his mother and younger brother James in about 1865.
  • Both brothers worked in the Newcastle coalmines. By 1880s Henry was an official in the Lambton miners lodge. Later he was a member of the delegate board of the Miners’ Association and leading committee-man in the Eight Hours movement.
  • On 31 August 1899 his brother James, married with five children, was killed by a fall of coal at Lambton Colliery.
  • On 29 December 1909 at Newcastle Henry was charged with twelve other officials under the Industrial Disputes Act, with inciting a strike and fined by Judge Heydon £100 or two months imprisonment. He was taken to East Maitland gaol on 22 February 1910, the oldest of the convicted delegates.
  • Discharged from East Maitland Gaol 11 April 1910, last of the gaoled delegates to be released, after an imprisonment of seven weeks, having been ill in prison.
  • Apparently took no further part in mining trade union.

Additional Resources

Related Entries in NCB Sites

Citation details

Chris Cunneen, 'Hanlon, Henry (1853–1926)', People Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, https://peopleaustralia.anu.edu.au/biography/hanlon-henry-32112/text39681, accessed 20 October 2021.

© Copyright People Australia, 2012