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Llewellyn Harry Gould (1899–1974)

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Llewellyn Harry Gould (1899-1974) salesman, journalist, editor, gaoled Communist party functionary and riding school assistant 

Birth: 1899 in Dublin, Ireland, son of Joseph Goldwater, known as Gould (1854-1924), business agent, and Rose (Raisa), née Roder (1862-1925). Both parents had been born in Šiauliai county, Lithuania, and died in Chicago, United States of America. Marriage: 4 June 1937 with Congregational forms at Elizabeth Bay, Sydney, New South Wales, to Diana Maud Reeve (1914-1996), a teacher of dramatic art born in Lincolnshire, England. They had one daughter and one son. Death: 10 July 1974 at Riverstone, NSW. Usual residence, Wilberforce. Religion: Jewish. 

  • Leaving Ireland, spent time in US and Canada, before arriving in Australia in 1929.
  • Joined Communist Party of Australia early in 1934; member Central Committee CPA, worked on editorial staff of Workers’ Weekly, later editor of Forward then of Tribune. Gave his occupation as “salesman” in 1933-37 electoral rolls.
  • Began CPA career with ‘a flurry of heroically proletarian doggerel verse’. CPA functionary from 1935, assuming particular responsibility for theoretical work, education and dissemination of Marxist-Leninist philosophy.
  • 1930s with E. W. Campbell produced new training manual that blended ‘dogmatism with patient endeavour’. Director Marx School, Sydney, 1940s. Prepared Marxist Glossary and Writings of L. L. Sharkey.
  • Gaoled for forty days when he refused to enter a bond in July 1941 upon conviction for holding a meeting to “advocate unlawful doctrines”.
  • Severe illness in 1950s caused curtailment of party activities. Lived from the 1950s at Wilberforce, NSW, occupation, farmer.
  • Occupation on his death certificate given as riding school assistant. Died from injuries received in a car accident on Windsor road.
  • Wife Diana Gould, who ran a riding school at Wilberforce, NSW, was also a prominent Communist activist.

Malcolm Henry Ellis, The Garden path (Sydney, 1949); Stuart Macintyre, The Reds: The Communist Party of Australia from origins to illegality (Sydney, 1998); John Playford, Doctrinal and strategic problems of the Communist Party of Australia, 1945-1962, PhD thesis, ANU, 1962; Jean Devanny, Point of departure; the autobiography of Jean Devanny (St Lucia, 1986); Tribune (Sydney), 16 July 1974.

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Citation details

'Gould, Llewellyn Harry (1899–1974)', People Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 24 June 2024.

© Copyright People Australia, 2012

Harry Gould, 1946

Harry Gould, 1946

Tribune (Sydney, NSW), 18 October 1946, p 5

Life Summary [details]


Dublin, Dublin, Ireland


10 July, 1974 (aged ~ 75)
Riverstone, New South Wales, Australia

Cause of Death

motor vehicle accident

Cultural Heritage

Includes subject's nationality; their parents' nationality; the countries in which they spent a significant part of their childhood, and their self-identity.

Religious Influence

Includes the religion in which subjects were raised, have chosen themselves, attendance at religious schools and/or religious funeral rites; Atheism and Agnosticism have been included.

Political Activism