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Elizabeth Jane Bremner (1877–1927)

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Elizabeth Jane Bremner (1877-1927) Socialist, peace activist 

Birth: 1877 at North Melbourne, Victoria, daughter of Cunningham Gray (1833-1913), a labourer born in Glasgow, Scotland, and Elizabeth, née Cross, late Halstead (1843-1923), born in Liverpool, Lancashire, England. Marriage: 2 February 1895 at the registrar’s office, Carlton, Victoria, to native-born William Bremner (1874-c.1940?), railway carriage builder. They had one daughter and a son who died in infancy. Death: 1 March 1927 in hospital at Wellington, New Zealand.

  • Member of the Victorian Socialist Party and 'official pianist'. Member of the Women's Socialist League and in 1910-11 was its assistant secretary. In 1911-12 she was variously vice-president, president and treasurer.
  • Executive member, Australian Peace Alliance during WWI. In 1916 was treasurer of Labor Women's Anti-Conscription Committee; prominent in women's mass anti-conscription procession in Melbourne in October 1916.
  • Secretary, Women's Strike Committee 1917. Lost contact with VSP after the war.
  • Husband convicted on 14 May 1918 and fined £2 for pilfering items valued at seven shillings and sixpence.
  • In 1923 their daughter married a New Zealander and moved to Wellington. Mrs Bremner died there while she and her husband were visiting their daughter.
  • cause of death is: acute salpingitis abscess, operation and acute general peritonitis.

(Melbourne), 1 March 1912, p 3, 1 June 1917, p 3; H. J. Gibbney & Ann G. Smith, A Biographical Register 1788-1939, vol 1 (Canberra, 1987); Recorder, No.  81, April 1976; Joy Damousi, Socialist Women in Australia, c.1890-c.1918, PhD thesis, ANU,1987.

Citation details

'Bremner, Elizabeth Jane (1877–1927)', People Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 19 May 2024.

© Copyright People Australia, 2012

Life Summary [details]

Alternative Names
  • Gray, Elizabeth Jane

North Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia


1 March, 1927 (aged ~ 50)
Wellington, New Zealand

Cause of Death


Cultural Heritage

Includes subject's nationality; their parents' nationality; the countries in which they spent a significant part of their childhood, and their self-identity.

Political Activism