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Middleton, Richard (c. 1759–c. 1798)

Richard Middleton was found guilty on 7 July 1784 at the Old Bailey, London, of stealing a horse. His death sentence was commuted to 7 years transportation. Sent to the Ceres hulk, he arrived in Sydney in January 1788 aboard the Scarborough as part of the First Fleet.

Middleton married Martha Kennedy on 17 February 1788 at Sydney Cove; they were to have two children. Kennedy died some time before May 1799 when his widow remarried.

* information from Mollie Gillen, The Founders of Australia: A Biographical Dictionary of the First Fleet (1989), p 245

Citation details

'Middleton, Richard (c. 1759–c. 1798)', People Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 1 December 2021.

© Copyright People Australia, 2012

Life Summary [details]


c. 1759


c. 1798
New South Wales, Australia

Cause of Death


Cultural Heritage
Passenger Ship
Key Events
Key Places
Convict Record

Crime: theft
Sentence: 7 years