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Olivia Lucas (1761–1830)

Olivia Gascoigne was found guilty on 5 March 1785 at Worchester, England, of stealing 13 pieces of gold coin of the value of £13/13/-,  and one piece of foreign silver coin from a dwelling house. Her death sentence was commuted to seven years transportation on 28 December 1785. She arrived in Sydney in January 1788 aboard the Lady Penrhyn as part of the First Fleet.

Gascoigne was sent to Norfolk Island aboard the Supply shortly after her arrival. Also on board was Nathaniel Lucas. The couple were married shortly after their arrival on Norfolk Island in a civil ceremony. The marriage was solemnised in 1791; they had 13 children, 11 of whom survived infancy. The couple returned to Port Jackson in 1805. Following her husband's death, Olivia Lucas moved to Van Dieman's Land (Tasmania) in 1818 with six of her surviving children. She died at Launceston on 10 June 1830; her age was given as 69.

* information from Mollie Gillen, The Founders of Australia: A Biographical Dictionary of the First Fleet (1989), p 141

Additional Resources

Citation details

'Lucas, Olivia (1761–1830)', People Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 18 July 2024.

© Copyright People Australia, 2012

Life Summary [details]

Alternative Names
  • Gascoigne, Olivia



10 June, 1830 (aged ~ 69)
Launceston, Tasmania, Australia

Cause of Death


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Passenger Ship
Key Events
Convict Record

Crime: theft
Sentence: 7 years