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Mary Hughes (c. 1773–1853)

Mary Underhill (c.1766- ) was found guilty on 3 April 1799 at the Old Bailey, London, of stealing, from her lodging room, a feather-bed valued at 20 shillings, a pair of sheets, valued at 2 shillings, a blanket valued at 1 shilling 6 pence, a set of fire-irons valued at 1 shilling 6 pence, a copper tea-kettle valued at 2 shillings, an iron saucepan valued at 12 pence and a pair of bellows valued at 12 pence. Sentenced to 7 years transportation, she arrived at Sydney aboard the Speedy in April 1800. 

Underhill was assigned to Hugh Hughes. Their son, Hugh, was born on 20 August 1803. Mary's age was given as 54 in 1828. She died (as Mary Hughes) on 17 July 1853; her age was given as 80.

Additional Resources

Citation details

'Hughes, Mary (c. 1773–1853)', People Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 30 May 2024.

© Copyright People Australia, 2012

Life Summary [details]

Alternative Names
  • Underhill, Mary
  • Underwood, Mary
  • Undrilt, Mary
  • Undrel, Mary
  • Underill, Mary
  • Undrill, Mary

c. 1773
London, Middlesex, England


17 July, 1853 (aged ~ 80)
Parramatta, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Cause of Death


Cultural Heritage

Includes subject's nationality; their parents' nationality; the countries in which they spent a significant part of their childhood, and their self-identity.

Passenger Ship
Convict Record

Crime: theft (house)
Sentence: 7 years
Court: Old Bailey, London
Trial Date: 3 April 1799


Children: Yes