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William Hill (c. 1774–1840)

William Hill (c.1774-1840) was found guilty on 10 July 1793 of housebreaking at Chelmsford, Essex. His death sentence was commuted to life transportation and he arrived at Sydney aboard the Ganges in June 1797.

Hill was living with Mary Johnston by 1800 when the first of their at least 11 children was born; the couple were married on 23 May 1829 at St James Church, Sydney.

By 1801 Hill was described as self-employed at Parramatta and was off stores and on 'governor's leave'. By 1806 he had gained a ticket of leave and in 1810 and 1812 he petitioned for mitigation of his sentence. Granted a free pardon on 31 January 1813, Hill's occupation was given as fisherman in 1814, as Superintendent of the Government Slaughter House in 1822 and 1825, and as butcher and publican in the 1828 Census.

William Hill died at Park Street, Sydney, on 23 May 1840; his age was given as 70 and his occupation as gentleman.

 * information from Biographical Database of Australia —

Citation details

'Hill, William (c. 1774–1840)', People Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 23 July 2024.

© Copyright People Australia, 2012

Life Summary [details]


c. 1774


23 May, 1840 (aged ~ 66)
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Cause of Death


Religious Influence

Includes the religion in which subjects were raised, have chosen themselves, attendance at religious schools and/or religious funeral rites; Atheism and Agnosticism have been included.

Passenger Ship
Convict Record

Crime: theft
Sentence: life