People Australia

  • searches all National Centre of Biography websites
  • searches all National Centre of Biography websites
  • searches all National Centre of Biography websites

Browse Lists:

Cultural Advice

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this website contains names, images, and voices of deceased persons.

In addition, some articles contain terms or views that were acceptable within mainstream Australian culture in the period in which they were written, but may no longer be considered appropriate.

These articles do not necessarily reflect the views of The Australian National University.

Older articles are being reviewed with a view to bringing them into line with contemporary values but the original text will remain available for historical context.

Richard Hawkes (1750–1832)

Richard Hawkes (c.1750-1832) was found guilty on 28 February 1785 at Reading, Berkshire, of stealing three pounds of hempen yarn. Sentenced to 7 years transportation, he was sent to the Ceres hulk, where he remained until he embarked for New South Wales on the Alexander in January 1787, arriving in Sydney in January 1788 as part of the First Fleet.

Hawkes married Elizabeth Mason on 14 February 1790; both signing with a mark. He received a 50 acre grant of land at the Eastern Farms in May 1792.

In a return dating from mid 1800 his grant is shown as being at Kissing Point with eight acres sown in wheat and 12 acres ready for planting maize; he owned 13 hogs and three sheep or goats. He and his wife were off stores and two children were on stores. No baptisms are recorded for the couple and later returns show them as childless so the two children noted may have been in temporary care — or it may have been a clerical error.

Hawkes maintained his farm without difficulty through the years. In 1822 he was recorded with five acres sown in maize, ten hogs and 20 bushels of maize in hand. In 1826 he was shown as a tenant. He and his wife were still together on 50 acres of land in 1828, of which 40 was cleared.

Richard Hawkes died at Kissing Point on 14 February 1832; his age was given as 81. He was buried the next day at the Field of Mars.

* information from Mollie Gillen, The Founders of Australia: A Biographical Dictionary of the First Fleet (1989), p 167

Citation details

'Hawkes, Richard (1750–1832)', People Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 16 April 2024.

© Copyright People Australia, 2012

Life Summary [details]

Alternative Names
  • Hawks, Richard
  • Hawkins, Richard
  • Hawker, Richard



1832 (aged ~ 82)

Cause of Death


Cultural Heritage

Includes subject's nationality; their parents' nationality; the countries in which they spent a significant part of their childhood, and their self-identity.

Passenger Ship
Key Events
Key Places
Convict Record

Crime: theft
Sentence: 7 years