People Australia

  • searches all National Centre of Biography websites
  • searches all National Centre of Biography websites
  • searches all National Centre of Biography websites

Browse Lists:

Cultural Advice

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this website contains names, images, and voices of deceased persons.

In addition, some articles contain terms or views that were acceptable within mainstream Australian culture in the period in which they were written, but may no longer be considered appropriate.

These articles do not necessarily reflect the views of The Australian National University.

Older articles are being reviewed with a view to bringing them into line with contemporary values but the original text will remain available for historical context.

Garland, Francis (c. 1761–?)

Francis Garland (c.1761- ) and five other men including John Leary, Joseph Morley and Henry Roach, were found guilty on 3 March 1783 at Winchester, Southampton, of highway robbery. Garland's death sentence was commuted to 7 years transportation to America on 21 April 1783. He was among the prisoners who mutinied on the convict transport Mercury in April 1784. Recaptured, he was sent to the Dunkirk hulk. He arrived at Sydney in January 1788 aboard the Charlotte as part of the First Fleet.

Garland married Sarah Bartlam on 24 December 1791. No further record has been found for him. His wife remained in the colony.

* information from Mollie Gillen, The Founders of Australia: A Biographical Dictionary of the First Fleet (1989), p 139

Citation details

'Garland, Francis (c. 1761–?)', People Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, https://peopleaustralia.anu.edu.au/biography/garland-francis-30732/text38076, accessed 4 December 2021.

© Copyright People Australia, 2012

Life Summary [details]

Birth

c. 1761

Passenger Ship
Occupation
Key Events
Groups
Key Places
Convict Record

Crime: theft
Sentence: 7 years