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Samuel Free (c. 1771–1819)

Samuel Free was found guilty on 22 October 1788 at the Old Bailey, London, of stealing a cotton handkerchief worth one shilling. Sentenced to 7 years transportation he arrived in Sydney in August 1791 aboard the Salamander. He was sent to Norfolk Island where, by 1807, he had settled with Elizabeth Smith on 50 acres of land and was also serving as a constable. 

The couple, with their five children, left Norfolk Island on the Porpoise in 1808 and settled in Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania). Free was granted 70 acres of land at Queenborough. He served as a constable at Sandy Bay and, on 23 April 1810, married Elizabeth. He died on 3 July 1819 at Hobart; his age was given as 49.

Original Publication

Other Entries for Samuel Free

Citation details

'Free, Samuel (c. 1771–1819)', People Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 29 May 2024.

© Copyright People Australia, 2012

Life Summary [details]

Alternative Names
  • Tree, Samuel

c. 1771
London, Middlesex, England


3 July, 1819 (aged ~ 48)
Hobart, Tasmania, Australia

Cultural Heritage

Includes subject's nationality; their parents' nationality; the countries in which they spent a significant part of their childhood, and their self-identity.

Passenger Ship
Key Events
Key Places
Convict Record

Crime: theft
Sentence: 7 years