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Mary Francis (?–?)

Mary Jones and Samuel Howell were found guilty on 5 March 1789 at the Hampshire Assizes, England (Joseph England, who was also accused of the crime, was pardoned), of the burglary of a house and the theft of a large quantity of clothing and 96 halfpence. Jones's death sentence was commuted to life transportation in April 1789. She arrived at Sydney aboard the Neptune in June 1790 as part of the Second Fleet.

Jones married William Francis on 25 December 1790. Francis stowed away on the Endeavour, bound for India, in 1795, was caught at New Zealand and sent to Norfolk Island, dying there in 1804. It is not known what became of Mary Jones/Francis. A Mary Jones per Neptune was a resident at Sydney in 1801. None of the four Mary Joneses (two arrived on the Lady Juliana and two on the Neptune) appear in the 1806, 1811 or later colonial musters.

* information from Michael Flynn, The Second Fleet: Britain’s Grim Convict Armada of 1790 (1993), pp 371-72

Citation details

'Francis, Mary (?–?)', People Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 23 May 2024.

© Copyright People Australia, 2012

Life Summary [details]

Alternative Names
  • Jones, Mary
Passenger Ship
Key Events
Convict Record

Crime: theft
Sentence: life