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Samuel Craft (c. 1770–1833)

Samuel Craft was found guilty (as Samuel Crofts) on 9 September 1789, at the Old Bailey, London, of stealing a cow and delivering it to a slaughterhouse. Sentenced to seven years transportation he arrived in Sydney in 1791 aboard the Salamander as part of the Third Fleet. He began living with Elizabeth Davies about 1793, By 1803 he had purchased about 30 acres at Mulgrave Place; 25 acres had been cultivated. In 1806 he had 12 acres of wheat and 2 acres of barley under cultivation; 11 acres were fallow. He held 2 bushels of wheat and 8 bushels maize, and had 2 female horses, 2 male hogs and 2 female hogs.

Craft was granted a spirit licence in February 1811. He established an inn 'The Sign of the Plough', in a two storey brick building in George Street.

Citation details

'Craft, Samuel (c. 1770–1833)', People Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 25 June 2024.

© Copyright People Australia, 2012

Life Summary [details]

Alternative Names
  • Crafts, Samuel
  • Croft, Samuel
  • Crofts, Samuel

c. 1770


25 August, 1833 (aged ~ 63)
Windsor, New South Wales, Australia

Cultural Heritage

Includes subject's nationality; their parents' nationality; the countries in which they spent a significant part of their childhood, and their self-identity.

Religious Influence

Includes the religion in which subjects were raised, have chosen themselves, attendance at religious schools and/or religious funeral rites; Atheism and Agnosticism have been included.

Passenger Ship
Key Events
Key Places
Convict Record

Crime: theft
Sentence: 7 years
Court: Old Bailey, London
Trial Date: 9 September 1789


Children: Yes (4)