People Australia

  • searches all National Centre of Biography websites
  • searches all National Centre of Biography websites
  • searches all National Centre of Biography websites

Browse Lists:

Cultural Advice

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this website contains names, images, and voices of deceased persons.

In addition, some articles contain terms or views that were acceptable within mainstream Australian culture in the period in which they were written, but may no longer be considered appropriate.

These articles do not necessarily reflect the views of The Australian National University.

Older articles are being reviewed with a view to bringing them into line with contemporary values but the original text will remain available for historical context.

William Charlton (1769–1839)

William Charlton was a private in the New South Wales Corps when he arrived at Sydney in June 1790 aboard the Neptune as part of the Second Fleet. He was transferred to Norfolk Island in February 1793 and in June was ordered to receive 300 lashes for irregular and disorderly behaviour (he received 150 — the remainder was forgiven).

He lived with Mary Gittos on the island; they had at least eight children. The couple returned to Sydney in November 1795 and then returned to Norfolk Island in 1802. They were back in New South Wales in 1806 and appear to have moved to Parramatta. Charlton transferred to the colonial Veteran Company when the NSW Corps was withdrawn in 1810. He married Mary Gittos on 16 April 1810. Charlton was discharged from the army when the Veteran Corps was disbanded in March 1823.

William Charlton died on 22 October 1839 at Kelso.

* information from Michael Flynn, The Second Fleet: Britain’s Grim Convict Armada of 1790 (1993), p 199

Additional Resources

Citation details

'Charlton, William (1769–1839)', People Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 9 December 2023.

© Copyright People Australia, 2012

Life Summary [details]


Stourton, Wiltshire, England


22 October, 1839 (aged ~ 70)
Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia

Cause of Death


Cultural Heritage

Includes subject's nationality; their parents' nationality; the countries in which they spent a significant part of their childhood, and their self-identity.

Passenger Ship
Military Service
Key Events
Social Issues