Attention Internet Explorer User

Your web browser has been identified as Internet Explorer .

In the coming months this site is going to be updated to improve security, accessibility and mobile experience. Older versions of Internet Explorer do not provide the functionality required for these changes and as such your browser will no longer be supported as of September 2020. If you require continued access to this site then you will need to install a different browser such as Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge or Google Chrome.

People Australia

  • searches all National Centre of Biography websites
  • searches all National Centre of Biography websites
  • searches all National Centre of Biography websites

Browse Lists:

Gloster, Charlotte (c. 1756–1822)

Charlotte Springmore (c.1756-1822) and Mary Harrison, both silk winders, were found guilty on 19 October 1785 at the Old Bailey, London, of throwing acid at a woman they suspected was operating as a prostitute in their area. Sentenced to 7 years transportation, the women arrived in Sydney in January 1788 aboard the Lady Penrhyn as part of the First Fleet.

Springmore married William Gloster on 11 February 1788. The couple and their daughter Mary were sent to Norfolk Island on the Supply in January 1790; Mary had at least two more children before the family returned to Port Jackson on the Britannia in 1793, but it may have been an earlier ship.

In 1814, following her husband's death, Charlotte lived with Samuel Witney. He was still under sentence and was assigned to her.

Charlotte Gloster drowned on 24 June 1822 and was buried at Castlereagh on 28 June; her age was given as 64.

* information from Mollie Gillen, The Founders of Australia: A Biographical Dictionary of the First Fleet (1989), p 341

Additional Resources

Citation details

'Gloster, Charlotte (c. 1756–1822)', People Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 22 October 2020.

© Copyright People Australia, 2012

Life Summary [details]

Alternative Names
  • Springmore, Charlotte
  • Sprigmore, Charlotte

c. 1756


24 June 1822
Castlereagh, New South Wales, Australia

Cause of Death


Passenger Ship