Attention Internet Explorer User

Your web browser has been identified as Internet Explorer .

In the coming months this site is going to be updated to improve security, accessibility and mobile experience. Older versions of Internet Explorer do not provide the functionality required for these changes and as such your browser will no longer be supported as of September 2020. If you require continued access to this site then you will need to install a different browser such as Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge or Google Chrome.

People Australia

  • searches all National Centre of Biography websites
  • searches all National Centre of Biography websites
  • searches all National Centre of Biography websites

Browse Lists:

Free, Elizabeth (c. 1775–1850)

Elizabeth Smith was found guilty on 27 February 1788 at the Old Bailey, London, of robbing and assaulting a man at a boarding house. Her death sentence was commuted to life transportation. She was held at Newgate gaol until sent to New South Wales aboard the Lady Juliana in June 1789 (arriving June 1890) as part of the Second Fleet.

Elizabeth was transferred to Norfolk Island in August 1790. She had two children with James Grace. Following his death in 1793 she lived with Samuel Free. They had five children by the time the family left the island for Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania) in December 1807 on the Porpoise. Elizabeth and Samuel married on 23 April 1810 at St David's Hobart. Elizabeth died on 22 June 1850 at Clarence Plains; her age was given as 85. Her cause of death was given as 'decay of nature'.

* information from Michael Flynn, The Second Fleet: Britain’s Grim Convict Armada of 1790 (1993), p 536

Citation details

'Free, Elizabeth (c. 1775–1850)', People Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 5 August 2020.

© Copyright People Australia, 2012

Life Summary [details]

Alternative Names
  • Tree, Elizabeth
  • Smith, Elizabeth

c. 1775
London, Middlesex, England


22 June 1850
Clarence Plains, Tasmania, Australia

Cause of Death

general debility

Cultural Heritage
Passenger Ship
Key Events
Key Places