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Delaney, Patrick (c. 1763–1787)

Patrick Delaney, a private in the 95th Foot Regiment, was found guilty, with three others, on 8 March 1783 at York, England, of stealing money from the same man in separate highway robberies. His death sentence was commuted to 7 years transportation on 11 April 1783. Delaney was one of the prisoners who mutinied on the convict transport Mercury in April 1784. Recaptured, he was sent to the Dunkirk hulk. He was discharged to the Friendship in March 1787. 

Delaney died on board the Friendship on 23 June 1787 (Ralph Clark said he died on 24 June) as the Fleet passed Port Praya in the Cape Verde Islands. Clark noted in his journal that Delaney’s death had ‘been expected ever since he came on board’ as he was ‘at Death’s door before he came on board with us’.

* information from Mollie Gillen, The Founders of Australia: A Biographical Dictionary of the First Fleet (1989), p 404

Citation details

'Delaney, Patrick (c. 1763–1787)', People Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 27 October 2020.

© Copyright People Australia, 2012

Life Summary [details]

Alternative Names
  • Delany, Patrick
  • Dellaney, Patrick
  • Delaney, Patrick
  • Delainey, Patrick

c. 1763


23 June 1787
at sea

Cause of Death


Passenger Ship
Key Events
Key Places