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Bishop, Mary (c. 1752–1839)

Mary Davis was found guilty on 12 March 1785 at Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England, of breaking into one house and stealing a copper kettle, and into another house and stealing clothing. Her death sentence was commuted to 7 years transportation. She was sent to the New Gaol at Southwark before arriving in Sydney in January 1788 aboard the Lady Penrhyn as part of the First Fleet.

Davis was sent to Norfolk Island on the Sirius in March 1790. She gave birth to a daughter, Charlotte Davis, between August and November that year. Mary married Thomas Bishop, a marine, in the mass marriage ceremony conducted by Rev Richard Johnson on the island in November 1791.

Thomas and Mary Bishop, with their daughter Charlotte, left Norfolk Island on the Kitty in March 1793. Following Thomas's death in December 1793 Mary sold his grant of land to James Squire. From 1800-1810 Mary worked as a housekeeper at Government House, Parramatta. In 1809 she was granted 30 acres of land at Bringelly; her daughter was granted an adjoining 100 acres. In 1828 she was working as a housekeeper for James Martin. Her grandson also lived in the house. Martin had also worked at Government House — as a bodyguard.

Citation details

'Bishop, Mary (c. 1752–1839)', People Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://peopleaustralia.anu.edu.au/biography/bishop-mary-30087/text37334, accessed 8 April 2020.

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